Cod Uracil-DNA Glycosylase (Cod UNG)
The only true heat-labile Uracil-DNA Glycosylase
There are several commercially available Uracil-DNA glycosylases on the market today. Most of them are of bacterial origin and work well if you have no intention to further analyze the PCR products post-PCR. However, if you want to store your PCR products for downstream analysis such as cloning and sequencing, the reactivation of UNG and subsequent degradation of your PCR products are a problem with most of the commercially available UNGs. Cod UNG from ArcticZymes is the only commercially available UNG today which is completely and irreversibly inactivated by heat.
PCR carry-over prevention in RT-qPCR
Cod UNG is the only UNG compatible with one-step RT-qPCR
In reverse transcriptase qPCR (RT-qPCR), RNA is the initial template. However, the problem of carry-over contaminants can be as much of a problem here as in regular PCRs. Following reverse transcription, cDNA is the template for the PCR. If your sample is contaminated with carry-over PCR products from previous PCRs, the primers cannot distinguish between cDNA and carry-over DNA, resulting in erroneous results.
In one-step RT-qPCR kits RNA is added to a master mix containing both reverse transcriptase and polymerase, allowing cDNA synthesis and qPCR in the same tube. E. coli UNG/UDG has an optimal working temperature up to approx. 50˚C and generally retains its activity up to approx. 70˚C. This temperature range is not compatible with carry-over prevention in one-step RT-qPCR protocols, as E.coli UNG/UDG would remove uracil incorporated into the cDNA during reverse transcription, thereby causing degradation of template.
Recombinantly expressed Cod UNG from ArcticZymes was originally isolated from the cold-adapted organism Atlantic cod. Cod UNG is highly active at temperatures ranging from 20˚C to 40˚C, quickly lose activity at temperatures above 42˚C and is irreversibly inactivated already at 55˚C. Since the optimum temperature range of Cod UNG is considerably lower compared to that of E. coli UNG/UDG, Cod UNG is compatible with use in single tube RT-qPCRs. Carry-over prevention is simply carried out by adding Cod UNG to a final concentration of 0.01 U/µl and introduce a 5 minute incubation step at 25˚C prior to initiation of RT-qPCR.
Unit definition: One Unit will liberate 1 nmol Uracil from Uracil-containing DNA per hour at 37°C.
Specific activity: >500 000 Units/mg.
Purity: Purified to apparent homogeneity by SDS-PAGE. No nuclease activity is detected.
Concentration: Minimum 1 000 Units/ml.
Minimum shelf life at -20°C is 2 years. In practice we find that storage at 4°C is possible for at least 6 months. The enzyme activity is also preserved upon multiple freeze-thaw cycles.